Fundamental Movement Skills

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Fundamental Movement Skills (FMS) provide the building blocks for many physical activities, such as playing games, dance, and sport. “Having these skills is an essential part of enjoyable participation and a lifelong interest in an active lifestyle” (Developing FMS Manual, Sport NZ).

Fundamental movement skills are important to the motor development of children’s physical, cognitive and social growth. There are three categories in which the fundamental skills fit – Manipulative, Locomotor and Stability.

Below you will find examples of activities which assist in the development of these fundamental movement skills.  (All of these will be linked through to a pdf explaining the activity). For more ideas on developing fundamental movement skills, see Sport NZ's Developing Fundamental Movement Skills manual.





  • Walking and running
  • Jumping
  • Hopping
  • Dodging


Stability and Balance

  • Rotation
  • Stability and Balance


Environment and Equipment

  • Bean Bags
  • Jungle Gym
  • Hoops
  • Hot Spots
  • Scarves


Games and Activities

This section focuses on different games that incorporate fundamental movement skills, and looking at ways in which they can be modified for different age groups and used to teach a variety of skills.

  • Rob the Nest
  • Stuck in the Mud
  • Everybody's It Tag
  • Follow the Leader
  • Rats and Rabbits
  • Battleships
  • Hand Push
  • Grinch Stole Christmas

Concept Specific Games

Striking and Fielding Games

Invasion Games

Net and Wall Games

Target Games

Refresher Activities

We often get requests for ideas of short ‘refresher activities’ that can be used to re-energise children between lessons.
So here are some short cross curricula activities that cater towards all levels including under-fives and that link into Fundamental Movement Skill development.

  • Litterbox
  • Stop and Scribble
  • Morning Routine
  • Hit the Deck
  • Factor it in
  • As If
  • Memory Lane
  • Act it out
  • Bear, Mosquito, Salmon
  • Pink toe
  • Brain Exercises
  • Get on that Chair
  • Elf Express!

For more ideas on developing fundamental movement skills see Sport NZ's Developing Fundamental Movement Skills manual.